St Davids Day Ultimate Guide

By Eirian Price happy st davids day


Did you know?

1. St David’s Day or Dydd Gwyl Dewi (That’s the Welsh translation) is a celebration of St David, the patron saint of Wales.

2. It falls on the 1st of March and it was chosen as the day of remembrance as he died on that day in 569.

3. In the year 2000 the National Assembly for Wales voted unanimously to make it a public holiday

4. A poll conducted in 2006 found that 87% of people in Wales wanted it to be a bank holiday 

5. A petition in 2007 to make St David’s Day a bank holiday was rejected by the office of the then Prime Minister, Tony Blair.

6. He founded a Celtic monastic community at Glyn Rhosyn (The Vale of Roses) on the western headland of Pembrokeshire, at the spot where St David’s Cathedral stands today.

7. During his life David is said to have performed many miracles. The best known happened in Llanddewi Brefi when he was preaching to a large crowd. The ground on where he was stood rose up to form a small hill so that everyone could see and hear him and a white dove, which became his emblem, came and rested upon his shoulder.

8. It is reported that St David lived to be over 100 years old.

9. It was said that the Shrine of St David was so important that two pilgrimages here were equivalent of one to Rome and that three visits were equivalent to one to Jerusalem.

10. St Davids is a city as it has the Cathedral, it is the smallest city in the UK.


Welsh Costume Bluestone

The traditional Welsh costume was originally worn by rural women in Wales during the 18th and 19th centuries. Wives and daughters of wealthy farmers would wear the costume to either go to market to sell their produce or for special occasions. The costume is now recognised as the Welsh national dress and just before the First World War it was worn by girls to celebrate St. David's Day.

During the 1830s Augusta Hall, who later became Lady Llanover wanted to preserve Welsh traditions, she did this drawings, prints and in her promotion of the Welsh language and culture. Her influence lives on today in her ideas of what an idealised Welsh costume should be and has become the basis of a recognised form of our National Costume.>

The costume has been modernised over the years, often made by mothers from old costumes and material and now worn by girls on St David's Day. A Welsh Ladies outfit is now commercially available and parents are encouraged to send their children to school on St David’s Day dressed up in the traditional attire. Check out a selection of examples below!



guide to being welsh



Written by Evan James with the tune composed by his son, James James Hen Wlad Fy Nhadau was first performed in Maesteg in early 1856 and soon gained popularity locally. The James' were both residents of Pontypridd, Glamorgan and the earliest written composition can be found in the National Library of Wales.

It soon gained popularity and in 1905 became the first national anthem ever to be sung at the start of a sporting match when Wales played New Zealand on their first rugby tour to the British Isles at Cardiff Arms Park.

Hen Wlad Fy Nhadau

Mae hen wlad fy nhadau yn annwyl i mi,
Gwlad beirdd a chantorion, enwogion o fri;
Ei gwrol ryfelwyr, gwladgarwyr* tra mad,
Tros ryddid collasant eu gwaed.


Gwlad, gwlad, pleidiol wyf i'm gwlad,
Tra môr yn fur
I'r bur hoff bau,
O bydded i'r hen iaith barhau.

Hen Gymru fynyddig, paradwys y bardd,
Pob dyffryn, pob clogwyn, i'm golwg sydd hardd;
Trwy deimlad gwladgarol, mor swynol yw si
Ei nentydd, afonydd, i mi.


Os treisiodd y gelyn fy ngwlad dan ei droed,
Mae hen iaith y Gymry mor fyw ag erioed,
Ni luddiwyd yr awen gan erchyll law brad,
Na thelyn berseiniol fy ngwlad.


English translation..

Land Of My Fathers

This land of my fathers is dear to me
Land of poets and singers, and people of stature
Her brave warriors, fine patriots
Shed their blood for freedom


Land! Land! I am true to my land!
As long as the sea serves as a wall for this pure,
dear land May the language endure for ever. 

Old land of the mountains, paradise of the poets,
Every valley, every cliff a beauty guards;
Through love of my country, enchanting voices will be
Her streams and rivers to me.


Though the enemy have trampled my country underfoot,
The old language of the Welsh knows no retreat,
The spirit is not hindered by the treacherous hand
Nor silenced the sweet harp of my land.

St Davids Day Bluestone


Here are some useful phrases to get you started!

Good Morning – Bore Da – Bor-eh Dah
Good Afternoon- Prynhawn Da -  Prin-hown dah
Good Night- Nos Da- Noss Dah
Thanks – Diolch – Dee-olch
Welcome – Croeso – Croy-so
Please – Plis – Please
Goodbye – Hwyl – Hoy-il
How are you? –  Ti’n Iawn? – Teen yau-n
Good – Da – Dah
Great – Wych – Weech

St Davids Day Bluestone


We hope you found our 10 useful Welsh phrases well useful. That was the whole point of it. Now for a bit more fun, here are 10 Welsh phrases you’ll probably never need to use – some might say, absolutely pointless!

1.    My Helicopter is full of jelly fish - Mae fy Hofrennydd yn llawn pysgod jeli
2.    My pet dragon likes chocolate ice cream -Mae fy nraig anwes yn hoffi hufen iâ siocled

3.    My microwave is always very happy - Mae fy microdon bob amser yn hapus iawn

4.    My sister hops like a kangaroo on the way to the shops - Mae fy chwaer yn neidio fel cangarŵ ar y ffordd i’r siopau
5.    I’ll do it now in a minute when I can - Fe wna i nawr mewn munud pan gallaf
6.    That hedgehog has an attitude problem - Mae gan y draenog yna agwedd gwael

7.    I love chips with a Sunday dinner - Rwy’n dwlu ar sglodion gyda chinio Dydd Sul
8.    I have a wheelbarrow full of squirrels - Mae gen i whilber lawn o wiwerod
9.    A bath full of beans would be horrible - Byddai bath llawn o ffa pob yn ofnadwy
10.    It’s raining cats, dogs and monkeys - Mae'n bwrw glaw cathod , cŵn a mwncïod


St Davids Day Bluestone


Now I’m sure you’ve heard it all before, those stereotypes about us Welsh folk, naturally they all grow leeks & daffodils in their gardens, all sing in choirs and moan about paying for the bridge when they come back “home” but as with stereotypes they are very rarely true, what is true is that they’re lucky enough to live in a land of great food and we wanted to share some of our faves with you, we’ve made our very own 3 course meal just for you.

Starter: Cawl

Cawl at Bluestone

Now this isn’t just any old cawl, we’ve spoken to our Head Chef and this is his mums, cousins, sisters, aunties, neighbours, postman’s best friends recipe that’s been handed down through the ages – it must be nice!

Cawl (pronounced to rhyme with Owl) is a traditional Welsh dish, lots of us consider it to be the national dish of Wales and it is delicious. It is easy to make and perfect for chilly days with fresh bread and chunks of cheese.


900g of lamb (You can use beef but traditionally, it’s made using Welsh lamb)
3-4 scraped and sliced carrots
2 sliced and diced onions
1 peeled and cubed swede
3 Leeks cut into rounds
900g potatoes cut into cubes
Salt and pepper to taste


1. Prepare the meat by cutting it into chunks.
2. Place the meat into a deep saucepan with enough water to cover it and then bring it to the boil slowly.
3. Add the sliced carrots, diced onions and cubed swede. Then bring back to the boil, with some salt and pepper for seasoning.
4. Then leave to simmer gently for 2 hours.
5. After this add the potatoes and simmer for 30 minutes.
6. Taste for seasoning and then add the leeks and simmer for a further 10 minutes.
7. Serve with some warm crusty bread with welsh butter and cheese for the ultimate tasty meal.

How easy was that? Now time for the main

Main Course: Welsh Rarebit

Welsh Rarebit Bluestone

How do you approach an angry Welsh Cheese?.....................................Caerphilly! (Get it? Carefully, sounds like the Welsh town and famous cheese Caerphilly!!) Anyway...........................

Welsh Rarebit, naturally it’s a famous Welsh dish, the clue is in its name, and otherwise it would just be Rarebit wouldn’t it? For those of you who like a bit of history, you never know it might win you a pub quiz at some point so remember this fact, Welsh Rarebit originates from the 18th century.  Some might say it a bit like ‘posh cheese on toast’, personally i'd call it the “King of cheesey topped toasts” – it’s just epic! Essentially it’s Welsh cheese, ale and mustard mixed up and served on toast. Sounds nice don’t it? Here’s how you make it:


225g grated, strong Welsh cheese (You can use any Cheddar or your favourite cheese)
1 tablespoon butter
2 teaspoons Worcestershire sauce
1 level teaspoon dry mustard
2 teaspoons flour
Pinch of pepper
4 tablespoons beer (Welsh real ale works best but Guinness gives it a nice strong flavour or for those who don’t want to use alcohol, use milk)
4 slices bread toasted on 1 side only (VERY important!)


1. Pop the butter, grated cheese, Worcestershire sauce, mustard, flour and pepper into a saucepan – Give it a good mix!
2. Once it’s mixed well and then add the beer/Guinness/milk  - Do not make it too wet mind you!
3.Pop the saucepan over a gentle heat until it is all melted (FYI it will smell AMAZING!). When it is a thick like paste, stop stirring, and take it off the heat (You don’t want it to burn or stick to the bottom of the pan a)It will spoil it and b)HUGE pain to wash!
4. Leave it to cool and toast the bread on one side only.(You’ll need to use a grill)
5. Spread the rarebit over the untoasted side and pop back under the hot grill until its all brown and utterly fantastic.

Top Tip! This mixture of fantasticness can be made and kept in the fridge for a few days if needs be. It’s also great on crackers!

Pudding: Welsh Cakes!

Welsh Cakes Bluestone 

Warm sugary Welsh Cakes are one of lifes little pleasures, the smell, the taste.......YUM! If you’ve never made these, they are divine and so simple – perfect if you’ve got little helpers to help you make them! The recipe below is from someone in our Marketing Team, his mum ran a bakery for over 30 years and the recipe was her mums so its been tried and tested for many a year!


225g/8oz self raising flour
100g/4oz butter
25g/1oz lard
75g/3oz caster sugar
50g/2oz currants
¼tsp mixed spice
1 egg
A pinch salt
A little milk to bind


1.Pop into a bowl all of the dry ingredients, sift the flour & mixed spice.
2.Cut up the butter and lard and rub into the flour. (If they’re at room temperature its much easier)
3.Stir in the sugar and then the fruit finally pour in the egg and mix to form a dough like mixture. (If the mixture is a little dry, add a dash of milk)
4.Gather into a large ball and roll the dough out on a lightly floured surface. You want to make them no more than 1cm thick.
5.Use a pastry cutter to cut out rounds. (An empty jam jar also works if you don’t have a cutter)
6 Place the Welsh Cakes onto a lightly greased bake stone or griddle pan until golden. (You can use a frying pan but a griddle pan works better). You don’t want the heat to high as this will cook the outside too quickly, and leave you with a raw middle.
7.Once cooked sprinkle with caster sugar and serve! I like mine with a cuppa!

Top Tip: As a jazzy alternative you can try mixed dried fruit or sultanas. Orange zest and a splash of orange juice instead of the milk also gives it an added dimension.

To learn more about Wales and enjoy it's rich culture and history, visit us at Bluestone in the heart of Pembrokeshire!